The United States has seen a $1 billion increase in cybersecurity spending over the past few years, and the White House wants more.
But a new report from the Congressional Research Service found that $1.3 billion is still missing from the cybersecurity budget.
The report was released on Monday, the day President Donald Trump signed the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act into law.
The Cybersecurity Act includes funding for “information technology,” or IT, in the federal budget.
That funding was originally appropriated in 2016.
In the past several years, however, the Department of Homeland Security has put the entire $1,000,000.00 allocated to IT spending into a “Cybersecurity Fund” to be used by the Department’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
But the House and Senate have separately appropriated $1 million each to fund the entire cybersecurity budget for the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, the Commerce Department, and Department of Defense.
The Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties also received $500,000 in funding.
“Information technology spending is one of the least-targeted areas in the budget, but there are a lot of other programs that are underfunded,” House Homeland Security Subcommittee Chairman Mike McCaul (R-TX) said in a statement.
“It’s important to know that information technology spending has been cut in half over the last four years and this is the first time the President has provided funding for information technology during his administration.”
The report finds that the $1B missing from DHS’ cybersecurity budget is due in part to the fact that DHS is currently in the midst of reorganizing its IT infrastructure.
It found that “the Office of the Information Assurance Executive (OIA) is understaffed, and that IT personnel are increasingly using technology outside their traditional roles.
In addition, the Office for Digital Government is also understaffing, and is spending only $300,000 per year on IT functions.
The OIA’s mission is to provide support for the development and implementation of information security policies, procedures, and standards and has struggled to find sufficient personnel and staff.
This is likely because of a lack of training and a lack on the part of the agency’s leadership, and as a result, the agency is underperforming in this area,” the report says.
“This lack of staff, and lack of funding for IT functions, has created significant uncertainty in the IT community, particularly with regard to IT personnel.”
The cybersecurity report found that while the budget for cybersecurity in the United States is $7.2 billion, it has “been severely underfunded since the beginning of the last decade.”
The total amount of cybersecurity spending in the U.S. is $14.3 trillion, according to the CRS report.
The DHS cybersecurity budget would increase $1 trillion, the report found.
The cybersecurity funding is the largest single portion of the cybersecurity appropriations for the Department.
It is the reason DHS is not spending $1 in the cybersecurity fund as it was originally allocated in 2016, according a spokesman for DHS.
“The OIA has already spent more than $2 billion on IT support in the past year,” the spokesman said.
“That’s enough for DHS to hire hundreds of IT specialists to provide cybersecurity training for every federal agency.”
The Office for National Drug Control Policy spent more on IT and research in 2017 than the entire Department of Energy spent on cybersecurity in 2016 and 2017 combined, the spokesman told ABC News.
“But that doesn’t include a huge chunk of the Office’s budget, which would be $3.4 billion,” the spokesperson said.
According to the DHS Office of Chief Information Officer, the OIA is currently on pace to spend about $2.5 billion on cybersecurity research, development, and deployment in 2019.
“In 2019, OIA plans to spend $1-3 billion on all aspects of cyber-security, including cyber-crime prevention and response, and will continue to invest in cyber-defense programs to help protect U.,S.
businesses, and employees from cyberattacks,” the office said in its 2017 budget request.