President Donald Trump has signed an executive order that will allow him to bypass congressional approval for the deal that President Barack Obama and other world leaders signed.
Trump signed the order late Tuesday afternoon, after he signed a separate order that extended the deadline for congressional approval.
The new order, which is intended to be permanent, is a reversal of Obama’s move last week to suspend the certification process for the agreement that the U.S. and other nations have signed.
It also reverses a decision by the Trump team to allow Congress to review the deal before it goes into effect, and allows the president to impose new sanctions on Iran if it fails to implement the agreement.
The executive order also sets out the steps Trump will take to prevent Iran from getting nuclear weapons.
Trump announced the move during a press conference in the Oval Office late Monday afternoon.
“The Iran deal is not good for the United States, bad for the world, bad news for our national security,” Trump said.
“It’s not a good deal for the American people, and it’s not good news for Iran.”
Trump’s decision to bypass Congress means the Trump Administration will have more leeway to bypass a congressional oversight process for Iran.
Under the nuclear agreement, Iran is required to dismantle all its nuclear facilities by 2023.
The Trump Administration is also expected to lift sanctions on Iranian companies that provide materials and services to the country’s nuclear program.
The new executive order will be the most significant change to the nuclear deal in more than a decade.
The Obama Administration and other global leaders agreed in 2015 to the deal, which aims to curb Iran’s nuclear activities by easing sanctions and ending restrictions on its ballistic missile program.
Iran has repeatedly rejected the deal as a sham, saying it violates international law.
Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called Trump’s executive order an “act of aggression” and said the U,S.
will “lose the battle against terrorism.”
The United States has also faced criticism from Congress over the deal.
Ahead of Trump’s announcement, lawmakers on both sides of the aisle called for the U to hold off on a certification vote until it can better understand the deal and its impact on the country.
“The president’s actions today are a continuation of his ongoing efforts to delay a vote on the nuclear pact, a deal that has cost our country billions of dollars in economic sanctions and created thousands of jobs in the United Kingdom and Europe,” said Democratic Sen. Al Franken of Minnesota.
“I will not support a vote for a new, unqualified certification that would put the lives of Americans and Americans abroad in jeopardy.
That is why I will be voting against the certification.”
Democrats have been working on legislation to block the certification vote.
In a statement, Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said he will work to prevent the certification in the coming days.
Sen. Tim Kaine of Virginia, a Democrat on the Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Arms Control and Nonproliferation, said the certification could lead to new sanctions.
“We need a transparent and credible assessment of the risks posed by Iran’s compliance with the agreement,” Kaine said.
In a statement Tuesday, House Speaker Paul Ryan called the executive order a “historic mistake.”
“Today, President Trump’s actions are a grave mistake,” Ryan said.
Ryan and other lawmakers said the president should immediately certify that Iran has removed all nuclear-related material and halted its ballistic missiles program.
Ryan also called on Congress to hold a vote to halt the certification.
The White House has said it expects Congress to pass a resolution by the end of this week that would block the executive action.
The Senate’s Foreign Relations committee will vote on whether to hold the certification on Tuesday.